The Packdrill Clinic was run by Canadian, French and Irish mental wellbeing professionals in Northern Ireland and in the border counties of the Republic between 1999 and 2002. It was unusual, at the time, in giving equal support and care to perpetrators of violence as to their targets.

This non-judging stance was typical of later developments by professionals at ELK-Health but, at the time, different types of Behavioural Therapy and Clinical Hypnosis were the main weapons in the therapists’ armoury. Treatment was often effective, but there was a relatively high incidence of recidivism into recurrent depression, anxiety and self-harming.

During the lifetime of The Packdrill Clinic, Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy was created. This would provide the ‘fixing’ of their curative work and lead the group into examining parallels between changes in hormone levels (endocrinology) and how we perceive our emotions to be at any one moment. This work led to the creation of ELK-Health Clinics.